Netherlands Antilles

 
The Netherlands Antilles ceased functioning as a single jurisdiction on 10 October 2010, with Curaçao and St Maarten becoming autonomous countries in their own right.  The three smaller islands of Bonaire. St. Eustatius and Saba (the BES islands) became municipalities of The Netherlands (the "Caribbean Netherlands").
 
Within 12 months of this date, all existing Netherlands Antilles registrations had to be confirmed with the Trade Mark Offices of Curaçao and St Maarten, for protection to be maintained in these jurisdictions.  In order to maintain protection in the BES islands, Netherlands Antilles registrations had to be confirmed at the Benelux Trade Mark Office although, curiously, the current 1995 Trade Marks Ordinance remained in force in the BES islands as well.
 
Historically St Maarten, the Dutch section of the Caribbean island of St Martin, had been part of The Netherlands, and was covered by Benelux registrations, CTM registrations and International Registrations designating Benelux.  St Maarten has since established its own Trade Mark Office.
 
Patent protection obtained in the Netherlands automatically covers the islands of the Caribbean Netherlands, as well as Curaçao and St Maarten.